• This project is made by
    Carmelo Giuffrida,
    a Geologist and
    Naturalistic Guide.

    Contacts :

    Cell +39 338 219 7869

    etnatao@gmail.com

    Guided excursions in :
    Italian, English,
    Spanish and Portuguese

  • I believe that there is a subtle magnetism in Nature, which, if we unconsciously yield to it, will direct us aright.
    Henry David Thoreau

    Nature often holds up a mirror so we can see more clearly the ongoing processes of growth, renewal, and transformation in our lives.
    Mary Ann Brussat

    In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks.
    John Muir

    When there is no place that you have decided to call your own, then no matter where you go, you are always heading home.
    Muso Soseki

    The Wilderness and the idea of wilderness is one of the permanent homes of the human spirit.
    Joseph Wood Krutch

    As you walk, you simply walk. Don’t go ahead, don’t jump here and there. Mind always go ahead or lag behind. Remain with the moment.
    Osho

    You need special shoes for hiking - and a bit of a special soul as well.
    Emme Woodhull Bäche

    And the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time.
    T.S. Eliot

    When you are going to hike – pack a light heart.
    Dan May

    It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves.
    Edmund Hillary

    It is in man’s heart that the life of nature’s spectacle exists; to see it, one must feel it.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Do not go where the path may lead. Go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson

    We don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are.
    Anais Nin

    When I started my adventure in photography, I was suddenly introduced to the world around me. I can’t believe I have been so blind for so many years.
    Laura Tate Sutton

    Think what a great world revolution will take place when there are millions of guys all over the world with rucksacks on their backs tramping around the back country.
    Jack Kerouac

    Yin and Yang are not in competition or conflict to each other, but are complements of each other. Balance is not a state but a process. The Tao is a process, a dynamic condition of balance.
    Ray Grigg

    When one walks, one is brought into touch first of all with the essential relations between one's physical powers and the character of the country; one is compelled to see it as its natives do. Then every man one meets is an individual.
    Aleister Crowley

    Wilderness is the raw material out of which man has hammered the artifact called civilization.
    Aldo Leopold

    The universe is not required to be in perfect harmony with human ambition.
    Carl Sagan

    Wherever you are is the entry point.
    Kabir

    Humankind has not woven the web of life. We are but one thread within it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves. All things are bound together. All things connected.
    Chief Seattle

    For me and for thousands with similar inclinations, the most important passion of life is the overpowering desire to escape periodically from the clutches of a mechanistic civilization. To us the enjoyment of solitude, complete independence, and the beauty of undefiled panoramas is absolutely essential to happiness.
    Bob Marshall

    Gradually, physicists began to realise that nature, at the atomic level, does not appear as a mechanical universe composed of fundamental building blocks, but rather as a network of relations, and that, ultimately, there are no parts at all in this interconnected web. Whatever we call a part is merely a pattern that has some stability and therefore captures our attention.
    Fritjof Capra

    The longest journey begins with a single step.
    Lao Tzu

    All paths are the same: they lead nowhere. However, a path without a heart is never enjoyable. On the other hand, a path with heart is easy—it does not make a warrior work at liking it; it makes for a joyful journey; as long as a man follows it, he is one with it.
    Carlos Castaneda

    The season of failure is the best time for sowing the seeds of success.
    Paramahansa Yogananda

    To be without some of the things you want is an indispensable part of happiness.
    Bertrand Russell

    I only went out for a walk and finally concluded to stay out till sundown, for going out, I found, was really going in.
    John Muir

    If you imagine yourself as separate from the world, the world will appear as separate from you and you will experience desire and fear. I do not see the world as separate from me and so there is nothing for me to desire, or fear.
    Nisargadatta Maharaj

    Follow your bliss and the universe will open doors where there were only walls.
    Joseph Campbell

    A morning-glory at my window satisfies me more than the metaphysics of books.
    Walt Whitman

    Your vision will become clear only when you can look into your own heart. . . Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.
    Carl Gustav Jung

    A human being is part of the whole, called by us “Universe,” a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest – a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.
    Albert Einstein

    The Tao is both singular and universal. It is open to all with the resolve and inclination to walk it. Those who do, however, take a variety of disciplines in approaching it, for the Tao extrapolates from the specific to the general. Dave Lowry

    The fundamental delusion of humanity is to suppose that I am here and you ar out there.
    Yasutani Roshi

    The big question is whether you are going to be able to say a hearty yes to your adventure.
    Joseph Campbell

    We are all born originals - why is it so many of us die copies?
    Edward Young

    Our life is an apprenticeship to the truth that around every circle another can be drawn; that there is no end in nature, but every end is a beginning, and under every deep a lower deep opens.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson

    Look at the trees, look at the birds, look at the clouds, look at the stars... and if you have eyes you will be able to see that the whole existence is joyful. Everything is simply happy. Trees are happy for no reason; they are not going to become prime ministers or presidents and they are not going to become rich and they will never have any bank balance. Look at the flowers - for no reason. It is simply unbelievable how happy flowers are.
    Osho

    If you are seeking creative ideas, go out walking. Angels whisper to a man when he goes for a walk.
    Raymond Inmon

    Utopia lies at the horizon. When I draw nearer by two steps,it retreats two steps. If I proceed ten steps forward, it swiftly slips ten steps ahead.
    No matter how far I go, I can never reach it. What, then, is the purpose of utopia? It is to cause us to advance.
    Eduardo Hughes Galeano

    The "paradox" is only a conflict between reality and your feeling of what reality "ought" to be.
    Richard Feynman

    Perceive that which cannot be seen with the eye.
    Miyamoto Musashi

    Every man gets a narrower and narrower field of knowledge in which he must be an expert in order to compete with other people. The specialist knows more and more about less and less and finally knows everything about nothing.
    Konrad Lorenz

    Happiness is the absence of the striving for happiness.
    Chuang-tzu

    There are two kinds of climbers, those who climb because their heart sings when they’re in the mountains, and all the rest.
    Alex Lowe

    Changing the world begins with the very personal process of changing yourself, the only place you can begin is where you are, and the only time you can begin is always now.
    Gary Zukav

    Angels can fly because they take themselves lightly.
    G. K. Chesterton

    No army can withstand the strength of an idea whose time has come.
    Victor Hugo

    The major problems in the world are the result of the difference between how nature works and the way people think.
    Gregory Bateson

    What a wonderful life I've had! I only wish I'd realized it sooner.
    Colette

    Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference.
    Robert Frost

    Each blade of grass has its spot on earth whence it draws its life, its strength; and so is man rooted to the land from which he draws his faith together with his life.
    Joseph Conrad

    In some mysterious way woods have never seemed to me to be static things. In physical terms, I move through them; yet in metaphysical ones, they seem to move through me.
    John Fowles

    I wonder how long this word will last, governed exclusively by the merciless, inhuman and immoral criteria of global economy.
    Seeing the shadow of distant islands, I imagined one still inhabited by a tribe of poets set aside for when, after the middle age of materialism, humanity will have to start to put other values into his existence.
    Tiziano Terzani

    No man can cross the same river twice because neither the man nor the river are the same.
    Heraclitus

    It seems to me that the natural world is the greatest source of excitement; the greatest source of visual beauty; the greatest source of intellectual interest. It is the greatest source of so much in life that makes life worth living.
    David Attenborough

    To find the universal elements enough; to find the air and the water exhilarating; to be refreshed by a morning walk or an evening saunter; to be thrilled by the stars at night; to be elated over a bird's nest or a wildflower in spring - these are some of the rewards of the simple life.
    John Burroughs

    If you truly love nature, you will find beauty everywhere.
    Vincent Van Gogh

    Mountains inspire awe in any human person who has a soul. They remind us of our frailty, our unimportance, of the briefness of our span upon this earth. They touch the heavens, and sail serenely at an altitude beyond even the imaginings of a mere mortal.
    Elizabeth Aston

    The tree which moves some to tears of joy is in the eyes of others only a green thing that stands in the way. Some see nature all ridicule and deformity…
    and some scarce see nature at all.But to the eyes of the man of imagination, nature is imagination itself.
    William Blake

    As long as I live, I'll hear waterfalls and birds and winds sing. I'll interpret the rocks, learn the language of flood, storm, and the avalanche. I'll acquaint myself with the glaciers and wild gardens, and get as near the heart of the world as I can.
    John Muir

    Study how water flows in a valley stream, smoothly and freely between the rocks. Also learn from holy books and wise people. Everything - even mountains, rivers, plants and trees - should be your teacher.
    Morihei Ueshiba

    Everything just as it is,
    as it is, as is.
    Flowers in bloom.
    Nothing to add.
    Robert Aitken

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Etna

Mt. Etna

 General informations and a brief outline of

Geography, Geology and Tectonics

Etnatao logo

Visit my website www.etnatao.com
and Etnatao Channel on YouTube

Geography

Mount Etna is a majestic volcano located on the eastern side of the island of Sicily (37°44′00″  N 15°00′00″E) . Its height, over 3300 meters above the sea level, makes it the highest and widest subaerial volcano in continental Europe, the highest mountain of the mediterranean basin and also the most elevated italian peak south of the mountain range of the Alps.

Carta geografica Sicilia

It overlooks the Jonian sea on its eastern side, it is surrounded by the Simeto river to the western and the southern side and to the North by the Alcantara river. 

With a base diameter of about 35 km, this volcano covers an area of ​​approximately 1200 km2 , it has a North-South diameter of about 35 km, a perimeter of about 135 km and is bordered to the North by the Nebrodi and Peloritani mountains and  to the South by the highland of Iblei mountain.

Volcanological map of Etna

Geology

Starting from the sea level all the way to the summit, the changes in terms of landscape and habitats are astonishing that together with the richness of its naturalistic peculiarities, make this place an unique geo-site and a paradise for hikers, photographers, naturalists, volcanologists and nature lovers.

Eastern Sicily shows a great diversity of landscapes, but it also offers an incredible variety on the geological point of view. 

Geological map of Sicily

Within a distance of only about 200 km , going through the provinces of Messina, Catania and Syracuse, there are two different tectonic plates, rocks of very different types from metamorphic to igneous and sedimentary ones, a subduction zone, many regional fault lines, Mt.Etna, the active volcanoes of the Eolian islands and the outcrops of an ancient volcanism in the plateau of the Hyblean plateau. 

Tectonics

Etna lies at the crossroad of major faults lines and within a complex geodynamic framework characterized by the presence of two converging tectonic plates. To the North there is the european plate, represented by the Nebrodi and Peloritani mountains, and to the South there is the african plate represented by the plateau of the Iblei mountains. Starting from about 50 million years ago, the two plates have conveged, then they have collided and eventually the african one was subducted under the european one. 

Tectonic map of Sicily

Etna between European and african plate

Effects of subduction

This movement, that keeps on happening at a rate of about 3 cm a year, in geological time has progressively reduced the size of  the mediterranean from an open ocean to a closed sea, it has formed the mountain range of the Alps and the Appennini it is the engine of the volcanism and of the sismicity of the mediterranean basin.

Converging continental plates

Etna danger and charm

Therefore the area around the volcano is a dangerous part of the world with a high potentiality to have events such as lavaflows, explosions, major earthquakes and even tsunamis. Despite all this dangers this land has been inhabited since many thousand of years (with one of the world’s longest records of documented eruptions starting since 1500 B.C.) and presently there is about a million people living around Mt.Etna .

On the other side, this is also one place where the energy of nature is so visible and so strong to have also an irresistible and charming side.

The maps of this page are taken from internet. If something is covered by copyright, or if for any other reason the author wants them to be removed, please notify me and I will take them down immediately.

 

Etnatao logo

Visit my website www.etnatao.com

and Etnatao Channel on YouTube

Tat Tvam Asi

तत् त्वम् असि

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